Quick Answer: What Happens If Hypercalcemia Is Left Untreated?

Can you die from hypercalcemia?

Severe hypercalcemia can damage your kidneys, limiting their ability to cleanse the blood and eliminate fluid.

Nervous system problems.

Severe hypercalcemia can lead to confusion, dementia and coma, which can be fatal.

Abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia)..

What level of hypercalcemia is dangerous?

Hypercalcemia complications develop over time. Thus the severity of hypercalcemia is related to how long you have calcium levels that are high, not how high it has become. A calcium of 10.5 is just as dangerous as a calcium of 11.5. Even “mild” hypercalcemia will lead to many other health problems if left untreated.

What is the first line treatment for hypercalcemia?

Aggressive intravenous rehydration is the mainstay of management in severe hypercalcemia, and antiresorptive agents, such as calcitonin and bisphosphonates, frequently can alleviate the clinical manifestations of hypercalcemic disorders.

Can hypercalcemia be cured?

Treatment is aimed at the cause of hypercalcemia whenever possible. People with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) may need surgery to remove the abnormal parathyroid gland. This will cure the hypercalcemia. People with mild hypercalcemia may be able to monitor the condition closely over time without treatment.

Is high calcium a sign of cancer?

When you have more calcium in your blood than normal, doctors call it “hypercalcemia.” It is a serious condition. Up to 30% of all people with cancer will develop a high calcium level as a side effect. A high calcium level can be treated, and it is important to talk with your doctor if you experience any symptoms.

What is the most common cause of high calcium levels?

Primary hyperparathyroidism. This is the most common cause of high blood calcium levels. People with primary hyperparathyroidism usually have a benign tumor of the parathyroid glands (see What are the parathyroid glands?

How do you flush calcium out of your body?

Intravenous fluids hydrate you and lower calcium levels in the blood. Corticosteroids are anti-inflammatory medications. They’re useful in the treatment of too much vitamin D. Loop diuretic medications can help your kidneys move fluid and get rid of extra calcium, especially if you have heart failure.

How long do you have hypercalcemia before you die?

Unfortunately, cancer-related hypercalcemia has a poor prognosis, as it is most often associated with disseminated disease. Eighty percent of patients will die within a year, and there is a median survival of 3 to 4 months.

How do you dissolve calcium deposits in the body?

laser therapy, the use of light energy to dissolve the calcium deposits. iontophoresis, the use of low levels of electric current to dissolve the calcium deposits by delivering medication — such as cortisone — directly to the affected areas. surgery to remove the calcium deposits.

What is a critical high calcium level?

The highest calcium levels are seen in children, teenagers, and young adults. By age 40, the calcium should be “in the 9’s” or below 10.0 mg/dl, most of the time. Repeated calcium levels above 10.0 in an adult over age 40 almost always indicate parathyroid disease.

How do you test for hypercalcemia?

Because hypercalcemia can cause few, if any, signs or symptoms, you might not know you have the disorder until routine blood tests reveal a high level of blood calcium. Blood tests can also show whether your parathyroid hormone level is high, indicating that you have hyperparathyroidism.

Can hypercalcemia go away by itself?

People with mild hypercalcemia may not require treatment, and levels may return to normal over time. The doctor will monitor calcium levels and the health of the kidneys. If calcium levels continue to rise or do not improve on their own, further testing will likely be recommended.