Quick Answer: What Drugs Are Central Nervous System Depressants?

Is vodka a central nervous system depressant?

Alcohol is classified as a Central Nervous System depressant, meaning that it slows down brain functioning and neural activity.

Alcohol does this by enhancing the effects of the neurotransmitter GABA..

Is Xanax a central nervous system depressant?

Sometimes called “benzos,” benzodiazepines are central nervous system depressants that are prescribed to treat anxiety, sleep disorders, convulsions, and other acute stress reactions. Common benzos include Valium, Xanax, and Ativan.

Are antipsychotics CNS depressants?

A very loosely defined group of drugs that tend to reduce the activity of the central nervous system. The major groups included here are ethyl alcohol, anesthetics, hypnotics and sedatives, narcotics, and tranquilizing agents (antipsychotics and antianxiety agents).

What are signs of CNS depression?

Symptoms of severe CNS depression include:reduced heart rate.low breathing rate of fewer than 10 breaths per minute.extreme confusion or memory loss.nausea and vomiting.poor judgment.blue lips or fingertips.irritability and aggression.clammy or cold skin.More items…•

What do depressants do to the central nervous system?

Depressant substances reduce arousal and stimulation. They do not necessarily make a person feel depressed. They affect the central nervous system, slowing down the messages between the brain and the body. They can affect concentration and coordination.

How do you know if your central nervous system is damaged?

Numbness, tingling, weakness, or inability to move a part or all of one side of the body (paralysis). Dimness, blurring, double vision, or loss of vision in one or both eyes. Loss of speech, trouble talking, or trouble understanding speech. Sudden, severe headache.

What is the most serious sign of central nervous system toxicity?

The first and most serious sign of CNS oxygen toxicity is often a grand-mal type convulsion. There are many other signs and symptoms of oxygen toxicity but there is no consistent warning that a seizure is about to occur.

Is alcohol a nervous system depressant?

Alcohol is a sedative and a depressant that affects the central nervous system.

What are examples of CNS depressants?

CNS depressants are used to treat insomnia (trouble sleeping), anxiety, panic attacks, and seizures. They may also be used to relieve anxiety and tension before surgery. Examples of CNS depressants are benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and certain sleep medicines.

Can the central nervous system repair itself?

Because nerve cells of the CNS are unable to regenerate, any resulting loss of motor or sensory function will be permanent.

Do antidepressants affect the central nervous system?

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), a class of antidepressants, were found to increase central nervous system (CNS) metastasis in mice. Our study investigated in humans whether antidepressants, and specifically SSRIs, increased the relative odds of CNS metastasis.