Question: What Is Vector Borne Diseases With Example?

What is vector borne disease?

Vector-borne diseases are infections transmitted by the bite of infected arthropod species, such as mosquitoes, ticks, triatomine bugs, sandflies, and blackflies.

Arthropod vectors are cold-blooded (ectothermic) and thus especially sensitive to climatic factors..

What are the 4 major disease vectors?

Disease vectorsMalaria (protozoan): Anopheles species of mosquito.Lymphatic filariasis (nematode worm): Culex, Anopheles, Aedes species of mosquito.Dengue (virus): Aedes species of mosquito.Leishmaniasis (protozoan): mainly Phlebotomus species of sandfly.More items…

What is the most common vector borne disease?

In the United States, the most common vectorborne pathogens are transmitted by ticks or mosquitoes, including those causing Lyme disease; Rocky Mountain spotted fever; and West Nile, dengue, and Zika virus diseases.

What are examples of vectors in biology?

Vectors are frequently arthropods, such as mosquitoes, ticks, flies, fleas and lice. Vectors can transmit infectious diseases either actively or passively: Biological vectors, such as mosquitoes and ticks may carry pathogens that can multiply within their bodies and be delivered to new hosts, usually by biting.

Is Ebola a vector borne disease?

Additionally, Ebola virus is not known to be transmitted through food. However, in certain parts of the world, Ebola virus may spread through the handling and consumption of wild animal meat or hunted wild animals infected with Ebola. There is no evidence that mosquitoes or other insects can transmit Ebola virus.

What are the features of vector borne disease?

Vector-Borne Disease: Disease that results from an infection transmitted to humans and other animals by blood-feeding anthropods, such as mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas. Examples of vector-borne diseases include Dengue fever, West Nile Virus, Lyme disease, and malaria.

How can we prevent water borne and vector borne infection?

Prevention of Food and Water Borne IllnessUse good environmental management. … Practice good personal hygiene. … Take food safety precautions to learn about the fundamentals of food safety so that you can protect yourself, your friends, family and people in your community.Drink properly treated water.

What is vector give an example?

A vector is a quantity that has both a magnitude and a direction. Vector quantities are important in the study of motion. Some examples of vector quantities include force, velocity, acceleration, displacement, and momentum.

How can we prevent vector borne infections?

1. Ensure your vaccinations are up to date for diseases prevalent in the area. 2. Wear light-coloured, long-sleeved shirts and long trousers, tucked into socks or boots, and use insect repellent on exposed skin and clothing to protect yourself from being bitten by mosquitoes, sandflies or ticks.

How do you control a vector disease?

Insecticides, larvicides, rodenticides, Lethal ovitraps and repellents can be used to control vectors. For example, larvicides can be used in mosquito breeding zones; insecticides can be applied to house walls or bed nets, and use of personal repellents can reduce incidence of insect bites and thus infection.

What are the two types of vectors in biology?

A vector containing foreign DNA is termed recombinant DNA. The four major types of vectors are plasmids, viral vectors, cosmids, and artificial chromosomes. Of these, the most commonly used vectors are plasmids.

What is a vector in healthcare?

Vector: In medicine, a carrier of disease or of medication. For example, in malaria a mosquito is the vector that carries and transfers the infectious agent. In molecular biology, a vector may be a virus or a plasmid that carries a piece of foreign DNA to a host cell.