How Do You Prevent And Control Epidemics?

How can we prevent diseases Class 9?

General Ways There should be limited exposure to airborne microbes by providing not so crowded living conditions.

Safe drinking water should be provided to prevent water-borne diseases.

Provide a clean environment which prevents the breeding of mosquitoes.

This prevents the spread of vector-borne diseases..

What are 3 specific actions you can take to help avoid chronic disease?

Here are 10 ways to reduce risks of chronic disease:Nutrition – you are what you eat. One of the ways to reduce these risks is to change what and when you eat. … Exercise. … Rest. … Stop smoking. … Control your blood pressure. … Limit your intake of alcohol. … Reduce stress. … Get regular check-ups.More items…•

How do you control epidemics?

The main elements in the control of an epidemic are, therefore, as follows: Attack source and mode of transmission. Contaminated water should be prohibited or sterilized, infected food destroyed, and vector breeding sites dealt with.

How can you prevent and control the spread of infection?

Ways you can reduce or slow the spread of infections include:Get the appropriate vaccine.Wash your hands frequently.Practice physical distancing (staying more than 2 metres (6 feet) apart).Stay home if you are sick (so you do not spread the illness to other people).More items…

How do epidemics spread explain?

An epidemic (from Greek ἐπί epi “upon or above” and δῆμος demos “people”) is the rapid spread of disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time.

How can we prevent and control diseases?

Learn, practice, and teach healthy habits.#1 Handle & Prepare Food Safely. Food can carry germs. … #2 Wash Hands Often. … #3 Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. … #4 Cough and Sneeze into a Tissue or Your Sleeve. … #5 Don’t Share Personal Items. … #6 Get Vaccinated. … #7 Avoid Touching Wild Animals. … #8 Stay Home When Sick.

What steps would you take to contain an epidemic?

Identify investigation team and resources.Establish existence of an outbreak.Verify the diagnosis.Construct case definition.Find cases systematically and develop line listing.Perform descriptive epidemiology/develop hypotheses.Evaluate hypotheses/perform additional studies as necessary.Implement control measures.More items…

How can we prevent infectious diseases?

Infectious Diseases: PreventionWashing your hands with soap and water, thoroughly and frequently.Covering your nose and mouth when you sneeze or cough.Disinfecting frequently touched surfaces in your home and workplace.Avoiding contact with sick people or sharing personal items with them.Not drinking or swimming in contaminated water supplies.More items…•

Is the spread of the Ebola disease epidemic or pandemic?

Since its discovery in 1976, the majority of cases and outbreaks of Ebola Virus Disease have occurred in Africa. The 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak in West Africa began in a rural setting of southeastern Guinea, spread to urban areas and across borders within weeks, and became a global epidemic within months.

What is the difference between control and prevention?

When we say prevention it refers to measures that are applied to prevent the occurrence of a disease. When we say control it refers to measures that are applied to prevent transmission after the disease has occurred.

What is the importance of disease prevention?

Taking care of yourself prevents health problems and saves money by reducing the number of office visits and medications you need. Self-care reduces the heavy costs of healthcare associated with disease.

What are the 3 methods of infection control?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact, droplet, and airborne. Contact precautions are used in addition to standard precautions when caring for patients with known or suspected diseases that are spread by direct or indirect contact.

What can cause an epidemic?

There are five major factors that allow viruses to cause epidemics:Human population dynamics and behavior. … Changes in insect or reservoir populations. … Weather and climate changes. … Technology. … Changes to the viruses themselves. … Meeting the challenges of new epidemics.

Which diseases are endemic?

Examples of endemic diseases include chicken pox that occurs at a predictable rate among young school children in the United States and malaria in some areas of Africa. The disease is present in a community at all times but in relatively low frequency.

What is control of a disease?

In 1998, Dowdle proposed a definition of control as a reduction in the incidence, prevalence, morbidity or mortality of an infectious disease to a locally acceptable level; elimination as reduction to zero of the incidence of disease or infection in a defined geographical area; and eradication as permanent reduction to …

What are the 5 steps of surveillance?

But surveillance involves carrying out many integrated steps by many people:Reporting. Someone has to record the data. … Data accumulation. Someone has to be responsible for collecting the data from all the reporters and putting it all together. … Data analysis. … Judgment and action.

How do you confirm an outbreak?

An epidemic can be confirmed by comparing the incidence of the disease with that in the recent past or at a similar time in previous years for the same community. Alternatively, an outbreak may be confirmed if a number of cases are clustered and come from the same place at a similar time.

How do you determine if an outbreak has occurred?

Outbreaks are detected by using public health surveillance methods, including PulseNet, formal reports of illnesses, and informal reports of illnesses.